Psalm 45 – Messiah

Introduction: “This psalm is an illustrious prophecy of the Messiah, and points at him only, as a bridegroom espousing the church to himself, and as a king ruling in it. And our Saviour probably alludes to this, where he compares the kingdom of heaven to a royal marriage. We have no reason to think, it has any reference to Solomon’s marriage with Pharaoh’s daughter. It is meant purely of Christ, and no other, and to him it is applied in the New Testament” (John Wesley) See Hebrews 1:8f

“The theme of this psalm is Jesus Christ the King of kings, and the espousal of his church to him. In the Old Testament, God is often represented as the husband of Zion, that is, of his church. Isa 54:4-6; 62:4-5. In like manner the New Testament church is called “the bride, the Lamb’s wife,” and she is “arrayed in fine linen, clean and white,” for the day of her marriage. Eph 5:23; Re 19:7-8; 21:9 The espousal of the Saviour to his church is here represented under imagery borrowed from the marriage customs of eastern nations” (Family Bible Note).

Title: “upon Shoshannim” “Literally, ‘Lilies,’ either descriptive of an instrument so shaped, or denoting some tune or air so called, after which the Psalm was to be sung” (JFB).

“Maschil” – Instruction

“A Song of loves” – A Wedding Song

1. The Prologue (vs. 1)

2. The Description of The King: Jesus Christ (vs. 1-8)

3. The Preparation of the Queen: His Bride the Church (vs. 9-15)

4. The Benediction to the King: (vs. 16-17).


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