In the Apostle Peter’s sermon in Acts chapter 2, he refers to another one of David’s Psalms by saying of David: “Therefore being a prophet . . . he seeing this before spake of the. . . Christ” (Acts 2:30-31). So it is with this Psalm; as Charles Spurgeon has said, “David and his afflictions may be here in a very modified sense, but, as the star is concealed by the light of the sun, he who sees Jesus will probably neither see nor care to see David. Before us we have a description both of the darkness and of the glory of the cross, the sufferings of Christ and the glory which shall follow” (The Treasure of David, p.365).
The Words of this Psalm describe and depict exactly what happened when Jesus Christ was crucified. Jesus even used some of these same words as his last utterances before His death.
Christ’s last four sayings are clearly seen in this Psalm
I. The Cry of Desolation – Psalm 22:1-10
Matthew 27: 66 “And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?”
II. The Cry of Physical Anguish — Psalm 22:11-18
John 19:28 “After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.”
III. The Cry of Resignation – Psalm 22:19-21
Luke 23: 46 “And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.”
IV. The Cry of Victory – Psalm 22:23-31
John 19:30 “When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.”