Ten Commandments Bible Study: Commandment Six

“Thou shalt not kill.” Exodus 5:13

I.  What does this command forbid?

 Define – “Kill” – raw-tsakh’ –“A primitive root; properly to dash in pieces, that is, kill (a human being), especially to murder: – put to death, kill, (man-) slay (-er), murder (-er)” (Strongs def.).

II.    First murderer recorded in Scripture:    Genesis 4:8-13

III.   What is God’s punishment for breaking this command?

  •  Genesis 9:5-6
  • Leviticus 24:17
  •  Numbers 35:15-34
  •  Revelation 21:7-8

IV.  This command does not forbid capital punishment – the death penalty for certain crimes. Under God’s law, Israel was to put people to death for the following sins against God and man:

  • Exodus 21:16 ______________________________
  • Exodus 35:2             ______________________________
  • Numbers 35:31 ______________________________
  • Leviticus 20:2 ______________________________
  • Leviticus 20:9 ______________________________
  • Leviticus 20:10 ______________________________
  • Leviticus 20:11-12 ______________________________
  • Leviticus 20:13 ______________________________
  • Leviticus 20:15-16 ______________________________
  • Leviticus 20:27 ______________________________
  • Leviticus 24:16 ______________________________
  • 13:6-9             ______________________________
  • 21:18-21 ______________________________

V.   The New Testament teaching on this command makes it clear that we can be guilty of murder in our heart without committing the outward act:

  • Matthew 5:21-22
  •  I John 3:15We have only our own wicked hearts to blame when we sin!
  • Mark 7:20-23

VII.    Can a murderer be forgiven by God or is there no hope?

  • Barabbas was a murderer – Luke 23:18-19
  • Murder is listed as a work of the flesh in Galatians 5:19-21
  • Murder is left out of this list: I Corinthians 6:9-11

 “Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.”

  • Paul testified that he persecuted believers to death:

Acts 22:4, I Corinthians 15:9

  • Revelation 9:20-21 indicates that murderers can repent.
  • Paul lists murder (Romans 1:29) along with many other sins against God’s law that causes us to become guilty before God (Romans 3:19-20). This guilt can lead us to understand our need of God’s forgiveness through faith in Christ’s provision for sin (Romans 3:21-31).

Praise God that Christ’s provision for sin covers the actual act of murder and the murder in our hearts when we are angry enough to kill. Otherwise there would be no hope for all us murderers.


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