Ten Commandments Bible Study: Commandment Four

“Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labor, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.” Exodus 20:8-11

I.  Definition of key words:

 Remember –  The Hebrew word for “remember” actually is in the sense of “mark” or “set aside.”  “To bear in mind with regard; to keep as sacred; to observe”  (1828 Noah Webster).

Sabbath – Lit.- Rest after labor – “1. The day which God appointed to be observed by the Jews as a day of rest from all secular labor or employments, and to be kept holy and consecrated to his service and worship. This was originally the seventh day of the week, the day on which God rested from the work of creation; and this day is still observed by the Jews and some christians, as the sabbath. But the christian church very early begun and still continue to observe the first day of the week, in commemoration of the resurrection of Christ on that day, by which the work of redemption was completed. Hence it is often called the Lords day. The heathen nations in the north of Europe dedicated this day to the sun, and hence their christian descendants continue to call the day Sunday. But in the United States, Christians have to a great extent discarded the heathen name, and adopted the Jewish name sabbath” (1828 Noah Webster). Word occurs in 116 verses in KJV Bible

 Holy -“ to set apart as sacred, consecrate, dedicate”

 Discussion – According to the passage (Exodus 20:8-11):

  •  Who was to keep this command?
  • What is this command based upon?

II.  More Old Testament teaching about the Sabbath:

  •  Exodus 31:12-18; Numbers 15:32-36
  •  Isaiah 58:13-14

III.  Our Lord Jesus Christ’s teaching about the Sabbath:

  •  Matthew 12:1-13

Jesus Christ is __________ of the Sabbath.

It is lawful to do ___________ on the Sabbath.

  •  Mark 2:23-28

    “The Sabbath was made for _______ and not ______ for the Sabbath” (Mk.2:27).

  • Luke 13:10-17

What is the danger in making rules up for Sabbath observance?

  • John 7:21-24

What should characterize our judgement about honoring God by keeping a day set-aside for rest and worship?

See further Colossians 2:16

IV.   The New Testament sets the president for worshiping the Lord on the first day of the week: (Points from a pamphlet entitled, “Reclaiming the Lord’s day for the Lord” Dr. Mark Minnick

A.   By Event – The bodily resurrection of Christ

  • 28:1; Mk. 16:2; Luke 24:1; John 20:1

B.  By Example – Practice of New Testament church

  • Acts 20:6-7

C.  By Exhortation – Offerings were to be taken on the first day

  • I Corinthians 16:2

D.  By Designation – The Lord’s Day

  • Revelation 1:10

V.  New Testament saints need to honor God by not forsaking the assembly of themselves together.

  • Acts 2:46-47
  • Hebrews 10:23-25
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