even so minister the same one to another,
as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.
If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God;”
I Peter 4:10-11a
1. Apostleship: “a sent one”, or “a messenger”, a Missionary(I Corinthians 12:29, Ephesians 4:11).
Apostolic manifestation: The 12 Apostles of the Lamb were directly appointed by the Lord Jesus Christ. Their ministry was divinely sanctioned by the miraculous (Hebrews 2:3-4).
- First Apostolic Miracle – Acts 3:1-11
Present manifestation – A missionary who is called by God and gifted to the work of evangelization and discipleship of a people group that results in the establishment of indigenous local churches. Many missionaries can testify of God’s miraculous intervention in lives when reaching unreached people groups.
2. Prophesying: Romans 12:6; I Cor. 12:10, 28, 29; Ephesians 4:11
Apostolic manifestation – An Apostle (or someone closely related to an Apostle) who was given new revelation directly from God to lay the foundation of the New Testament Church and give to us the inspired books of the New Testament.
Manifested in Paul – II Peter 3:15-16; II Cor. 12:1-7
Present manifestation: Proclaiming God’s revealed Word to challenge, call to accountability, confront, and urge people to repent of sinful practices and false beliefs in order that they might believe and obey the truth.
- II Timothy 4:1-4
3. Evangelist: A special ability to lead people to Christ which motivates and teaches other Christians to testify of their faith in Christ (Ephesians 4:11).
- Manifested in Philip – Acts 21:8, Acts 8:4-8, 26-40
- Paul exhorted Timothy to do this work – 2 Timothy 4:5
- All believers are to be a witness for Christ – Acts 1:8
4. Pastor-teacher: This two-part gift enables a man to guide, care for, and instruct the flock of God (Ephesians 4:11).
- Manifested in Timothy and Titus— God inspired Paul to write 3 letters to instruct pastor-teachers.
- Paul challenged Timothy’s stewardship of his gift – I Timothy 4:14, II Timothy 1:6
- Peter charged elders (pastors) to feed the flock – I Peter 5:2
5. Teaching: The ability and desire to clearly explain God’s revelation in creation and the Bible (Romans 12:7).
- Demonstrated in Luke’s attitude – Luke 1:1-4
- Manifested in Paul and Barnabas – Acts 15:35
- All believers are to teach – Matthew 28:18-19
6. Exhorting: A particular ability to encourage Christians to a close walk with God and to serve Him faithfully (Rom.12:8).
- Part of Paul’s ministry – Acts 14:22
- Paul taught Timothy to exhort – I Tim. 4:13, II Tim. 4:1-2
- All Believers are to minister in this way – Heb.10:24-25
7. Wisdom: “Skill in applying the truths of God’s Word to everyday affairs. The ability to counsel others for their own spiritual best interest” (I Corinthisnas12:8).
- Manifested in Steven – Acts 6:9-10
- All are challenged to pray for wisdom – James 1:5
- Character of wisdom from God – James 3:13-17
- Development is based on your choice – Col. 3:16
8. Knowledge: “Unusual capacity to understand, retain, organize and communicate truth” (I Corinthians 12:8).
- Paul prayed for believers to have knowledge – 1:9
- Knowledge is essential for spiritual growth – II Peter 1:1-8
9. Discerning of Spirits: “A heightened ability to read or hear a teaching, encounter a problem, or to consider a proposed course of action, and then determine whether the source behind the teaching, problem, or action is divine, merely human, or satanic” (I Corinthians 12:10). (Def. from an Internet source).
- Every believer needs to try the spirits – I John 4:1-3
10. Tongues/ languages: I Corinthians 12:10, 30
Apostolic manifestation: The ability to speak a language without having ever learned it as a sign to the Jews.
- Tongues in the book of acts were languages and used to communicate God’s truth as a sign to unbelieving Jews – Acts 2:1-11, I Corinthians 14:21-23, Isaiah 28:11-12
- Tongues were a sign to believing Jews that God was accepting Gentiles into the New Testament church –
- Tongues were a sign to Jewish disciples of John the Baptist that Christ’s baptism was superior to John’s – Acts 19:1-7
Present manifestations: Missionaries have testified that God has giving them the ability to communicate the gospel in a new language, in a one time situation, without ever having learned it. Others have testified that after intense study and repeated failure God gave them the language instantaneously. Some missionaries have experienced divine help to speak a second language extremely well at times when they are preaching and witnessing when normally they slaughter it. Furthermore, one who is extremely gifted in learning many other languages could have a spiritual gift of languages.
Misuse of the knowledge of a language: Paul addresses the selfish misuse of languages that are unknown to others in a multilingual church service in I Corinthians 14.
11. Interpretation of languages: The gifted ability to translate one language into another language for the purpose of edifying the assembly (I Corinthians 12:10, 30).
There is no example of the manifestation of this gift in the book of Acts. Its function is regulated by Paul in I Cor. 14:27-28Note: All unreferenced quotations are from an outline presented by Pastor Dale Johnsen, Emmanuel Baptist Church – 1983