Title: Genealogy of the King – A message of Grace
Text: Matthew 1:1-17
Introduction: The Apostle John records the following conversation which he heard as people reacted to the teachings of Jesus: “Of a truth this is the Prophet. Others said, This is the Christ. But some said, Shall Christ come out of Galilee? Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?” To convince the Jews, Matthew presents the legal genealogy of Jesus Christ which proves His rights to the throne of David through his adoptive father Joseph. It is clear from verse 16 that Joseph was Jesus’ legal but not natural father. Furthermore, Because of the curse pronounced on Jechonias (Mt.1:12, Jeremiah 22:24-30) Christ could not have ascended to the throne if he had been the actual son of Joseph who was a descendent of Jechonias (known as Jehoiachin or Coniah). God’s sovereignty and grace shines bright in this genealogical record of Christ’s right to the throne through the sinful line of Joseph:
I. God’s Grace demonstrated through the descendents of two chosen but sinful men:
- The Messiah would come through Abraham – He believed God and it was counted unto him as righteousness, yet Abraham was a sinful man. Part of the Abrahamic covenant was that all families of the earth would be blessed through his seed (Gen.12:2-3). Paul identified that seed as Christ (Galatians 3:16).
- The Messiah would come through David – He was a man after God’s own heart yet a sinful man in the matter of his adultery with Bathsheba and the subsequent murder of Uriah to cover his sin. The Davidic covenant (2 Sam. 7:12-16) stated that David’s throne would be established forever.
II. God’s grace demonstrated through 5 chosen but sinful women:
- Tamar – vs. 3 – Her unchaste relationship with Judah, when she played the harlot, produced twins – Through her son Phares, Christ would have the legal right to rule Israel.
- Rahab – vs. 5 –Known as a harlot – Yet protected the two Hebrew spies and apparently became a proselyte into Judaism marring Salmon.
- Ruth – vs. 5 – A chaste proselyte to Judaism, whom Boaz married to raise up seed for the deceased. Even in the Old Testament God was merciful to the Gentiles who forsook their false Gods and believed in the promise of redemption through the God of Israel.
- Bathsheba – vs. 6 – God judged Her unchaste pregnancy in the death of the child. However, her next son, Solomon ascended to the throne of Israel and was blessed by God.
- Mary – vs. 16 – A chaste virgin, although accused of promiscuity, willingly submitted herself to be the mother of the “Lord”. As a sinner she recognized her need for a Savior (Luke 2:43, 46-47).
III. God’s grace demonstrated through 3 eras of time: vs. 17
- Abraham to David – Patriarchs, Moses, Joshua, and the Judges
- David to the deportation to Babylon – Monarchy
- Deportation to Babylon to the time of Christ –
“Jesus Christ” (vs.1) “Jesus, who is called Christ” (vs.16) “Unto Christ”
Christ = Messiah – “the anointed one” Prophets, priests, and kings were anointed in Israel – Jesus Christ fulfilled each of these offices perfectly as The Anointed One!
Conclusion: Throughout the Gospel of Matthew Christ is revealed to be the anointed King. The call goes forth for all to “Repent, for the kingdom of God is a hand.” Christ’s disciples are instructed on how to live under his Kingship – For His kingdom is a spiritual kingdom that all those who believe in Him enter into as they wait for His return to rule on earth during His second advent with a rod of iron.